The main reason why wildlife and their habitats across the globe have declined so drastically over the last couple of centuries is because mankind has essentially neglected to appreciate how fragile the ecosystem is. People have not only killed humongous numbers of wildlife for food as well as sport but destroyed large tracts of their habitats making it impossible for large populations of animals to survive. The only way we can now see wild animals is by visiting the various national parks that have been carved out especially by governments of virtually all countries. As people passionate are about wildlife, it is our duty not to behave in a reckless manner that could further endanger the existence of the wild. Some essential tips:
The very purpose of wildlife tourism is to observe them in their natural habitats. We can only see them going about their business if we keep our presence to the minimal so that they do not feel disturbed. It is important that we do not use vehicles that are noisy or have polluting engines that will distract and disturb the animals. It is also essential that when up and close with animals, we must not startle them with sudden movements or sounds. Most wild animals will react either by running away and some, especially if they are with their young ones, may also react aggressively and pose a danger to us.
If you are roaming in a safari vehicle, remember not to leave the vehicle at any time if there are animals nearby even if they are ordinarily harmless. There could very well be a very dangerous predator in close proximity bent on hunting a deer or a buffalo. Even if the vehicle that you are in breaks down in the middle of the wilderness, heed the advice of your guide and do not attempt to leave the safety of the vehicle. Do not use flashlights unnecessarily trying to look for animals in the dark. The use of camera flashguns should also be limited and should not be attempted by amateur photographers. You can read more on tips on wildlife photography at http://tigersheavenresort.co.in/
Do Not Feed Animals
Under no circumstances should you attempt to approach animals to offer them food. You need to realize that far from being appreciative, they might interpret your move as being threatening and be provoked to attack instead. Also remember that the food that humans normally consume is thoroughly unsuitable for wild animals. Each animal has its own place in the food chain that can very easily get disturbed by human intervention, however well-intentioned it might be. Since there is very little effort involved in feeding from food offered by tourists, the animals may lose their hunting instinct and become dependent on the supplied food. In many cases when the supply is insufficient, this may lead them to invade human habitats and wreak havoc. Do not support local organizations that practice offering food to lure the animals to spots more convenient for tourists.
Do Not Litter
One of the most important things that you can do as a responsible wildlife tourist is to ensure that you leave the spot in exactly the same way as you had encountered it. Take care that you leave the camp without any litter as plastic packaging; uneaten food, etc. can not only dirty the environment but also cause animals to fall sick if they consume them. Remember plastic packaging materials that we take for granted in our daily lives are not biodegradable and poison the environment. Do not light campfires indiscriminately as both the fire and the smoke can be irritating to the wildlife. A careless spark can also easily bring about a forest or grassland fire that can be completely disastrous.
Author bio: Joseph Kurien is a reputed wildlife conservationist and photographer. He organizes a number of wildlife photography tours of Tadoba National Park. Find out more at http://tigersheavenresort.co.in/